unicycle hockey rules for new IUF rulebook

sander@turing.sci.yorku.ca cotter@skypoint.com Hi. I’m adding unicycle
hockey rules to the next edition of the IUF Rulebook. I need your help.
Below is the set of rules I’ve written, and some questions on areas that
don’t seem to be clear.

I downloaded two sets of rules from the unicycling homepage. The Official IUF
rules seemed to be incomplete (they may have been damaged in uploading to the
homepage?), so I used elements from the alternate set of rules to come up with
what you read below.

Please answer my questions and give me your comments, as soon as possible. We
want to go to press relatively soon, and I would like to have these hockey rules
as complete as possible before that time.

I would also like to have rules for unicycle basketball. If anyone out there
knows where they can be gotten (in electronic form), please let me know, or do
me a big favor and type them in for me.

This is what I came up with: UNICYCLE HOCKEY INTERNATIONAL UNICYCLING FEDERATION
OFFICIAL RULES

  1. PLAYING FIELD
    2.1 DIMENSIONS: The field has a length of 35 to 45 meters and a width of 20 to
    25 meters. It is surrounded by barriers. The corners are rounded or beveled.
    3.2 GOALS: The posts are 2.50 m in from the ends of the playing field, ensuring
    that the players can go behind the goals. The inside dimensions of goal
    openings is 1.20 m high and 1.80 m wide.
    4.3 MARKINGS: The center line divides the field into two equal halves. There is
    a mark in front of each goal at a distance of 6.50 m. The goal line connects
    the posts on the ground. One meter apart from the side line there are the
    corner marks on the extension of the goal line. The 6.50 m line is parallel
    to the goal line and runs through the 6.50 m mark. The area between the 6.50
    m line and the ground line is called the “goal area”.

  2. TEAMS
    6.1 NUMBER OF PLAYERS: A team consists of 5 players (plus substitutes).
    Substituting one player for another is possible at every interruption of the
    game if indicated to the referee. Each player can be the goal keeper at any
    time. The goal keeper has no special rights. To take part in a game, a team
    has to have at least 3 players.
    7.2 TRICOTS: The players of each team have to wear tricots of the same color.
    The color has to be clearly different from the opponent’s color. CLOTHING:
    Clothing can make a difference in safety and comfort. Clothing suggestions:
    cycling shorts and kneepads, or long pants gloves short shoe laces, or laces
    tucked in Helmet and dental protection definitely no jewelry (watches,
    necklaces, earrings)

  3. EQUIPMENT
    9.1 UNICYCLES: The size of the wheel must not exceed 24". The unicycles must
    not have sharp or protruding parts anywhere which might cause injuries. The
    ends of the pedals must be plastic or rubber.
    10.2 STICKS: All sticks legal for playing ice-hockey (apart from those for the
    goalkeeper) can be used. Cracked or splintered sticks must be taped or
    repaired before play.
    11.3 BALL: A “dead” tennis ball that reaches 30 to 50 percent of it’s original
    height after bouncing onto concrete.

  4. PENALTIES
    13.1 FREE SHOT: In every instance of a minor violation of the rules the referee
    awards a free shot to the offended team, unless he decides not to interrupt
    the game (advantage). FREE SHOT EXECUTION: The free-shot is executed from the
    point where the violation was done. Exception: If a team gets a free-shot
    within the opponents goal area, the free-shot is done from the closest corner
    mark (corner shot). The free-shot is indirect. The player executing the
    free-shot may only touch the ball once. Then another player has to touch the
    ball. Opposing players have to keep a distance with their unicycles and their
    sticks of at least 2 m to the ball.
    14.2 6.50 M: If legal playing would have led to a good chance to score a goal, a
    “6.50 m” is given. This includes fouls outside the goal area.
    15.50 M EXECUTION: The ball is placed at the 6.50 m mark. A player of the
    defending team goes to the goal. The other team chooses a player to shoot the
    16.50 m. All other players have to leave the goal area. After the referee’s
    whistle the goal keeper must ride the unicycle and not rest on the goal. The
    attacking player has 3 seconds to make one shot. If no goal is scored, play
    continues as soon as the ball touches the post, the keeper touches the ball
    or the ball crosses the extended goal line.
    17.3 PENALTY BOX: The referee can send a player off the field for 2 minutes, 5
    minutes or for the remainder of the game. This is done in the case of
    unsportive behavior or intentional, dangerous disobeying of the safety rules.

  5. COURSE OF THE GAME
    19.1 DURATION OF THE GAME: All times mentioned refer to pure playing time. At an
    interruption the time is stopped. T m, until there is a decision.
    20.2 ALLOTMENT OF THE BALL: At the start of the game, a coin is tossed. The
    winner gets the ball and the other team may choose a side. The other team
    will get the ball at the beginning of the second half. After a goal, the team
    that conceded gets the ball.
    21.3 START AND RESTART AFTER A GOAL: After a goal all players must go to their
    own half. Then the game starts as soon as the ball or a player of the team in
    possession crosses the center line.

  6. BASIC RULES To take part in the game, some basic rules must be obeyed.
    23.1 RIDING THE UNICYCLE: Players must ride freely, and may not lean more than
    momentarily on goals or walls.
    24.2 CONTACT WITH THE BALL: The stick, the unicycle and the whole body can be
    used to play the ball. It all counts as a contact. For arms and hands see
    also restrictions 6.3 and 7.1.
    25.3 PLAYING WITH ARMS AND HANDS: A player is not allowed to play the ball
    with arms or hands twice consecutively. If playing with the hand, it has
    to be flat.
    26.4 RIGHT OF WAY: No player may endanger another player by forcing him to give
    way (e. g. to push him towards the wall). A player who is idling must be
    evaded. The leading of two players riding next to each other may choose the
    direction of turns. If both are evenly side by side, the one having the ball
    may choose the direction. If two players are approaching each other directly
    or at an obtuse angle, the one without the ball has to give way. In all cases
    not mentioned above, it is up to the referee to make a decision.
    27.5 FALLING OFF THE UNICYCLE: A player who is falling off the unicycle may move
    or control the ball until he or she touches the ground. The player must mount
    at the same spot.

  7. GOAL SHOTS Restrictions 7.1 and 7.2 are not valid if the ball is shot into
    one’s own goal. After a disallowed goal the defending team gets the ball.
    29.1 GOAL SHOT WITH ARMS OR HANDS: A goal is disallowed if scored with
    arms or hands.
    30.2 LONG SHOT: A goal is disallowed if the ball was shot from one’s own half
    and wasn’t touched by anyone afterwards.
    31.3 GOAL SHOT THROUGH THE NET: A goal is disallowed if the ball entered the
    goal through the net from the side or the back.

  8. SAFETY RULES
    33.1 THROWING STICKS: A player who intentionally drops or throws his or her
    stick is sent off the field for 2 minutes. Also, the opposing team gets a
    34.50 m.
    35.2 TOP OF THE STICK: The upper end of the stick must always be covered with
    one hand to avoid injuries of other players.
    36.3 THE LOWER END OF THE STICK: The lower end of the stick must always be below
    the players hips. Each player has to take care not to hit an opponent with
    his or her stick, especially after a shot.
    37.4 INJURIES: The referee has to suspend the game if an injury occurs.
    Afterwards a free-shot is given to the team that was in possession of the
    ball at the time of the interruption.

  9. MISCELLANEOUS
    39.1 SUB (STICK UNDER BIKE): A player who holds his or her stick in a way that
    someone else rides over it is committing a foul, regardless of intention.
    According to the situation the player who was “subbed” is given a free-shot
    or a 6.50 m.
    40.2 SIB (STICK IN BIKE): If a stick gets into someone’s spokes, the holder of
    the stick is committing a foul regardless of intention. According to the
    situation the player who was “sibbed” is given a free-shot or a 6.50 m.
    41.3 BALL OUT OF BOUNDS: If the ball leaves the field the team opposite to that
    of the player who last touched it gets a free-shot or a corner shot
    respectively. A free-shot is made from 1 m inside the side line.
    42.4 OBSTACLES: Players, dropped unicycles and sticks shall not be
    obstacles for the opponents. The player is considered an obstacle if the
    player, the unicycle or the stick is hit by the ball, and also if an
    opponent has to evade.
    43.5 BODY CHECK: A player is allowed to touch an opp
    44.6 BALL IN SPOKES: If the ball gets stuck between the spokes of a player’s
    unicycle, the opposing team gets a free-shot.

  10. TRAINING AND INFORMAL PLAY For purposes of training or for informal
    games, for example if there is is no referee or clock, different rules
    may be applied.
    46.1 GAME WITHOUT CLOCK: Other than in rule 5.1 the teams play until one
    scores its tenth goal. In the case of a 10:9 result the game continues
    until one team leads by two goals. Sides are changed when the leading team
    scores its fifth goal. At the beginning of the second half the lower
    scoring team gets the ball. Instead of a time penalty (rule 4.3) a
    penalized player has to leave the field until 2 or 5 goals (including those
    scored by a 6.50 m) are scored.
    47.2 SUB WITHOUT REFEREE: A player, who was “subbed” (rule 9.1) or fouled in
    another way, shouts immediately “SUB” or “foul”. If he/she does not say
    anything or shouts immediately “advantage”, the game continues. Only the
    fouled player may shout anything.

QUESTIONS: Section 5.1 We don’t seem to have any suggested game times. Also,
what was that about interruptions? Section 3.3 balls. I know there is some
disagreement on what type of ball to use. Should we suggest a choice? Or list
the types being used in various countries? And what about our UNICON this
summer? What will we be using there? Section 9.1/9.2 “SUB” & “SIB” Since it’s
not a bike, can we call it “S.U.” and “S.I.”? We should try to get away from the
‘B’ word in our official rulebook. Section 9.5 Body Check, words are missing.
What should it say?

Last but not least I need a diagram of the playing field. I drew it the way I
THINK it should look, but I want confirmation. I’m hoping Rolf or Andy can send
me one, either by email attachment, or by snail. I will then add a diagram to
the rulebook.

Please respond relatively quickly, because the rulebook will be finished with or
without a finished set of hockey rules!

John Foss, Chairman IUF Skill Levels and Rules Committee unicycle@aol.com